As with our last Friday Photo, this image somewhat postdates the Middle Ages in a strict sense, but perfectly illustrates the trend towards greater specialisation in crafts that began with the growth of towns in the 12th century. Prior to this, very few towns had the agricultural surplus to support a range of trades, such as blacksmithing, pottery, tailoring, etc. As trade boomed and many towns grew, however, new social organisations developed. Charters provided the shape for municipal authority, while guilds regulated the production of goods and the teaching of their craft. By extension, they became a source of pride and communal identity, often conducting religious ceremonies and engaging in politics on behalf of their members. In this picture, we see the crest of the Bakers’ Guild of the Village of Dean, Scotland. The town was for centuries known for its many water mills that ground grain into flour, making the bakers an integral part of the local economy. Their crest, with two crossed trays topped with loaves at centre, is an excellent demonstration of the professional and civic pride that developed throughout the final mediaeval centuries and influenced the shape of modern social life.